Vasectomy is a minor surgical procedure in which the two tubes that carry sperm from the man’s testicles to the penis are blocked, cut or sealed so that sperm cannot pass through them and thus cannot fertilize a woman's egg during sexual intercourse. It is usually carried out under a local anaesthetic, and takes about 15 minutes.
Vasectomy is the safest and easiest form of surgical sterilization. While reversible in many cases, vasectomy should be considered a permanent form of birth control.
Pros: It is a 100% effective method and men can enjoy their sexual intercourse without having to worry for any unwanted pregnancy.
Cons: Both Men and Women are still at the risk for acquiring any sexually transmitted diseases.
This is a minor operation that permanently prevents a woman from being able to get pregnant. The fallopian tubes are cut or blocked, thereby preventing both: the movement of the egg to the uterus for fertilization and the traveling of the sperm up the fallopian tubes to the egg. Also known as "having your tubes tied" or "female sterilization".
It is possible to reverse a tubal ligation but reversal requires major surgery and isn't always effective…hence must be considered a permanent method of contraception.
Pros: Extremely effective form of contraception without any side effects. Allows women to enjoy sexual intercourse with her partner without having to worry about any form of protection.
Cons: The woman would never be able to bear a child after undergoing this procedure, hence one has to be entirely sure before agreeing to undergo permanent sterilization. Since it is an operation, it takes a minimum of 7-10 days to recover post-surgery. Finally, both men and women would still have the risk of acquiring sexually transmitted diseases.